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专栏/.../

如何处理损坏的sst文件

 h5n1  发表于  2022-10-13

1   概述

       TiDB在运行过程中可能由于文件系统或操作系统等原因出现sst文件损坏情况,从tidb 5.2版本开始支持tikv-ctl bad-ssts命令用于处理损坏的sst文件,官方文档中已经给出了比较详细的解释,但在按照官方文档操作时会有些问题。

       本文记录通过dd破坏sst文件模拟损坏后使用tikv-ctl bad-ssts处理过程,本次测试数据库版本为5.3.3-ARM平台。

2   操作过程

1、 初始化一张1000万的数据表,随意查看该表上的region,本次模拟破坏的是store 12上的sst文件。

$ pd-ctl region  348

{

  "id": 348,

  "start_key": "7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF8A88290000000000FA",

  "end_key": "7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF90D3980000000000FA",

  "epoch": {

    "conf_ver": 59,

    "version": 51

  },

  "peers": [

    {

      "id": 350,

      "store_id": 11,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    },

    {

      "id": 2532,

      "store_id": 5,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    },

    {

      "id": 14052,

      "store_id": 12,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    }

  ],

  "leader": {

    "id": 350,

    "store_id": 11,

    "role_name": "Voter"

  },

  "written_bytes": 156,

  "read_bytes": 0,

  "written_keys": 2,

  "read_keys": 0,

  "approximate_size": 114,

  "approximate_keys": 821741

}

2、 使用region-properties 查找该region的sst文件,并使用dd 命令进行破坏

$ ./tikv-ctl --host xx.xxx.144.16:20160  region-properties  -r 348

[2022/10/13 21:39:37.318 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["TCP_USER_TIMEOUT is available. TCP_USER_TIMEOUT will be used thereafter"]

[2022/10/13 21:39:37.319 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["New connected subchannel at 0xfffb600d0120 for subchannel 0xfffc200d2bc0"]

mvcc.min_ts: 436638484783693826

mvcc.max_ts: 436638579797524498

mvcc.num_rows: 410870

mvcc.num_puts: 410870

mvcc.num_deletes: 0

mvcc.num_versions: 821741

mvcc.max_row_versions: 3

num_entries: 821741

num_deletes: 0

num_files: 1

sst_files: 000417.sst

region.start_key: 7480000000000000ff3b5f728000000000ff8a88290000000000fa

region.end_key: 7480000000000000ff3b5f728000000000ff90d3980000000000fa

region.middle_key_by_approximate_size: 7480000000000000ff3b5f728000000000ff8dd4ba0000000000faf9f0bf9c25a7fffe

 

$ ls -l /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

-rw-r--r-- 1 tidb tidb 41907560 Oct 13 21:29 /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

 

[tidb@tgypt-xx13d002-cs76w v5.3.3]$ dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst bs=1M count=42

42+0 records in

42+0 records out

44040192 bytes (44 MB, 42 MiB) copied, 0.0284878 s, 1.5 GB/s

[tidb@tgypt-xx13d002-cs76w v5.3.3]$ ls -l /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

-rw-r--r-- 1 tidb tidb 44040192 Oct 13 21:42 /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

3、 破坏sst文件后tikv并没有立即崩溃,重启tikv后tikv.log报错如下,无法启动:

[2022/10/13 21:47:34.605 +08:00] [ERROR] [server.rs:1056] ["failed to init io snooper"] [err_code=KV:Unknown] [err="\"IO snooper is not started due to not compiling with BCC\""]

[2022/10/13 21:47:34.624 +08:00] [FATAL] [server.rs:1281] ["failed to create kv engine: Storage Engine Corruption: Sst file size mismatch: /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst. Size recorded in manifest 41907560, actual size 44040192\n"]

4、根据官方文档提供的命令使用bad-ssts检测有问题的sst文件,尝试使用--db 指定db目录 和--data-dir指定data-dir目录均报参数错误,于是使用了5.3.1的tikv-ctl + --db参数后执行正常(之所以使用5.3.1是因为之前使用过该版本命令)。

$ ./tikv-ctl   bad-ssts  --db /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db --pd 10.125.144.17:2379

error: Found argument '--db' which wasn't expected, or isn't valid in this context

 

$ /data/soft/v5.3.1/tikv-ctl   bad-ssts  --db /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db --pd 10.125.144.17:2379

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.853 +08:00] [INFO] [util.rs:544] ["connecting to PD endpoint"] [endpoints=10.125.144.17:2379]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.854 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["TCP_USER_TIMEOUT is available. TCP_USER_TIMEOUT will be used thereafter"]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.854 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["New connected subchannel at 0xfffba02701b0 for subchannel 0xfffc200d2bc0"]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.855 +08:00] [INFO] [util.rs:544] ["connecting to PD endpoint"] [endpoints=http://10.125.144.17:2379]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.855 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["New connected subchannel at 0xfffba02702d0 for subchannel 0xfffc200d2a00"]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.856 +08:00] [INFO] [util.rs:544] ["connecting to PD endpoint"] [endpoints=http://10.125.144.18:2379]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.856 +08:00] [INFO] [<unknown>] ["New connected subchannel at 0xfffba02703f0 for subchannel 0xfffc200d2bc0"]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.856 +08:00] [INFO] [util.rs:668] ["connected to PD member"] [endpoints=http://10.125.144.18:2379]

[2022/10/13 22:07:44.856 +08:00] [INFO] [util.rs:536] ["all PD endpoints are consistent"] [endpoints="[\"10.125.144.17:2379\"]"]

--------------------------------------------------------

corruption info:

/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst: Corruption: Bad table magic number: expected 9863518390377041911, found 0 in /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

 

sst meta:

417:41907560[0 .. 0]['7A7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF8A88290000000000FAF9F0BF866BEFFFEE' seq:0, type:1 .. '7A7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF90D3970000000000FAF9F0BF9BCB07FFFD' seq:0, type:1] at level 6 for Column family "write"  (ID 2)

 

overlap region:

RegionInfo { region: id: 348 start_key: 7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF8A88290000000000FA end_key: 7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF90D3980000000000FA region_epoch { conf_ver: 59 version: 51 } peers { id: 350 store_id: 11 } peers { id: 2532 store_id: 5 } peers { id: 14052 store_id: 12 }, leader: Some(id: 350 store_id: 11) }

 

suggested operations:

tikv-ctl ldb --db=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db unsafe_remove_sst_file "/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst"

tikv-ctl --db=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db tombstone -r 348 --pd <endpoint>

--------------------------------------------------------

corruption analysis has completed

 

上述检查数的详细信息参加官方文档说明

 

5、 按照上述输出的建议命令执行tikv-ctl ldb --db=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db unsafe_remove_sst_file "/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst"

报错:Failed: Failed to parse SST file number /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst 。分析该错误提示 不能解析 SST file number ,看起来这里应该指定sst的文件号。而前面bad-sst检查时的输出Meta信息中包含sst文件号,和sst文件名中一致。

$ /data/soft/v5.3.1/tikv-ctl   ldb --db=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db unsafe_remove_sst_file "/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst"

[2022/10/13 22:09:21.574 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:118] ["encryption: none of key dictionary and file dictionary are found."]

[2022/10/13 22:09:21.574 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:479] ["encryption is disabled."]

Failed: Failed to parse SST file number /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db/000417.sst

6、 使用 sst文件号执行成功

$ /data/soft/v5.3.1/tikv-ctl   ldb --db=/data/v5.0.3/tikv/data/db unsafe_remove_sst_file 417

[2022/10/13 22:09:44.747 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:118] ["encryption: none of key dictionary and file dictionary are found."]

[2022/10/13 22:09:44.748 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:479] ["encryption is disabled."]

unsafely removed SST file

 

再次执行该命令提示已经在rockdb中找不到该文件

Failed: failed to unsafely remove SST file: NotFound: File not present in any level

7、 执行 region tombstone 命令从有问题的tikv上删除sst文件的region peer,该命令同样在--data-dir/--db/--pd参数使用上报错,最后使用--force处理成功

$  /data/soft/v5.3.1/tikv-ctl    --data-dir /data/v5.0.3/tikv/data  tombstone -r 348 --force

[2022/10/13 22:14:19.246 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:118] ["encryption: none of key dictionary and file dictionary are found."]

[2022/10/13 22:14:19.246 +08:00] [INFO] [mod.rs:479] ["encryption is disabled."]

[2022/10/13 22:14:19.268 +08:00] [WARN] [config.rs:587] ["compaction guard is disabled due to region info provider not available"]

[2022/10/13 22:14:19.268 +08:00] [WARN] [config.rs:682] ["compaction guard is disabled due to region info provider not available"]

success!

8、再次检查region,发下tidb中已经删除store 12上的peer 而在store 上补了副本

$ pd-ctl region 348

{

  "id": 348,

  "start_key": "7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF8A88290000000000FA",

  "end_key": "7480000000000000FF3B5F728000000000FF90D3980000000000FA",

  "epoch": {

    "conf_ver": 65,

    "version": 51

  },

  "peers": [

    {

      "id": 350,

      "store_id": 11,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    },

    {

      "id": 2532,

      "store_id": 5,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    },

    {

      "id": 17637,

      "store_id": 2,

      "role_name": "Voter"

    }

  ],

  "leader": {

    "id": 350,

    "store_id": 11,

    "role_name": "Voter"

  },

  "written_bytes": 157,

  "read_bytes": 0,

  "written_keys": 2,

  "read_keys": 0,

  "approximate_size": 114,

  "approximate_keys": 821741

}

9、重新启动tikv,tikv能正常启动,检查表中数据无丢失

 image.png

3   总结

       使用tikv-ctl bad-ssts 处理损坏的sst文件在官方文档已经有说明,但命令参数、输出结果上有些错误,导致按照文档操作有些问题,建议官方进行一下修改。

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